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Coventry is a city and metropolitan borough of central England, the most distant sea English town. It is located 153 km northwest of London, 30 miles east of Birmingham, with a population that in 2011 was 316,900 inhabitants. It was the capital of England in some opportunities during the fifteenth century. It is located in the county of West Midlands and until 1974 was part of Warwickshire. As in the rest of the British Islands and the midlands, Coventry is subjected to a maritime climate with cool summers and minor winters.
Coventry was one of the cities bombed by the Germans in World War II, due to its great industrial importance. It was one of the biggest victims of the German bombing campaign known as Blitz. At first it was sporadic shelling, but finally, Coventry was heavily bombed by the Luftwaffe planes (about 500 bombers) on November 14, 1940; the Coventry Blitz. The city was almost completely destroyed.
Coventry Cathedral has been left exactly as it was after the bombing: there are no more than a few pillars and some of its walls. It was built a new cathedral next to the remains of the ancient cathedral, it was inaugurated in 1962 and the German chancellor attended as a symbol of reconciliation.
In 1955, the city was honored with the Award of Europe, an award given annually since 1955 by the Council of Europe to those municipalities that have made significant efforts to promote the ideal of European unity. It was the first city honored with this award.
Some famous people like Clive Owen and Ellen Terry are from Coventry. Another fact about this city is that the famous London black cabs (the “Hackney Carriages”) are manufactured by the company in Coventry. There, is also found the headquarters of Jaguar cars.