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Cambridge is a non-metropolitan district, a very old English university town and the county of Cambridgeshire, on the banks of the River Cam. It is approximately fifty miles from London and is surrounded by several villages and towns. It is famous for the University of Cambridge, founded in 1209 and ranked one of the top five universities in the world. This includes the Cavendish Laboratories, the teaching hospital of Addenbrooke, the choir of the chapel of King’s College and the University Library. The Cambridge skyline is dominated by the last two buildings. The city is also a campus of Anglia Ruskin University. The name of the city means “bridge over the River Cam.” According to the United Kingdom Census 2011, its population was 123,867 (including 24,488 students).
In the nineteenth century the town began to grow due to the large increase in population that occurred all over the country, due to increased of life expectancy and agricultural productivity. In 1951 the population obtains the title of city.
The center of high-technology known as Silicon Fen is placed in Cambridge. Its economic strengths lie in industries such as software and bioscience. Over 40% of the workforce has a higher education qualification, more than twice the national average.
Also, several fairs and festivals take place in Cambridge, mostly during the British summer. Midsummer Fair dates back to 1211, when it was granted a charter by King John. Today it exists primarily as an annual funfair. On the first Saturday in June is the site for Strawberry Fair, a free music and children’s fair, with a series of market stands. For one week in May, on nearby Jesus Green, the annual Cambridge Beer Festival is held. Started in 1974, it is Britain’s second largest beer festival outside London. 90,000 pints of beer and tons of cheese were served in 2009.