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Charles Spencer “Charlie” Chaplin was born in London, England, UK, on April 16, 1889 and he was an actor, comedian, composer, producer, director and British writer. He gained popularity thanks to his character Charlot in multiple films of the silent movies period. He is is considered a symbol of humor and silent movies of the end of World War II, he was one of the most acclaimed men in the cinema world.
His parents also were related to the show, especially the genre of music-hall. Chaplin made his debut at the age of five, replacing his mother in a performance. By 1912, he had acted with the Fred Karno troupe, with which he toured various countries.
He debuted with his character Charlot in 1914 in the film Earning Bread and during that year he rolled 35 short films, including All for an umbrella, Charlot in dance and Charlot and fire. However, the outstanding Chaplin films were The Gold Rush (1925), City Lights (1931), Modern Times (1935) and The Great Dictator (1940). His techniques when filming included slapstick, mime and other visual comedy routines. Since the mid-1910s he directed most of his films, for 1916 he was also responsible for the production, and since 1918 he composed the music for their productions. In 1919, in collaboration with Douglas Fairbanks, David Wark Griffith and Mary Pickford, founded the United Artists.
Throughout his life, Chaplin received multiple awards and nominations. He received the Academy Honorary Award in 1928 and 1972, he was nominated for the Nobel Peace Prize in 1948, he was awarded the OBE in 1975 and a star with his name was placed on the Hollywood Walk of Fame in 1970. In 1952, after a series of political problems that related him with communism, he was forced into exile in Switzerland, where he spent the rest of his life. While the number of productions performed at that time had diminished, he filmed A King in New York and A Countess from Hong Kong; his last pieces. He died on Christmas Day 1977.
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