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Edgar Allan Poe
Edgar Allan Poe (Boston, USA, January 19, 1809 – Baltimore, USA, October 7, 1849) was an American writer, poet, critic and journalist, generally recognized as one of the universal masters of the short story. He was considered part of the Romanticism and came with a fresh new approach to the Gothic novel. Poe is especially remembered for his tales of horror. He is considered the inventor of the detective story, and he also contributed with several works to the emerging genre of Science Fiction. On the other hand, he was the first American writer of renown who tried to make writing his modus vivendi, which had unfortunate consequences for him.
He was baptized as Edgar Poe in Boston, Massachusetts, and his parents died when he was young. He was picked up by a wealthy couple from Richmond, Virginia, Frances and John Allan. He spent one academic year at the University of Virginia and subsequently enrolled, also briefly in the army. Being an adult Poe broke the relationship with his adoptive parents due to ongoing disagreements with his stepfather, who often disregarded his requests for help. Poe’s career began with a book of poems, Tamerlane and Other Poems (1827).
For economic reasons, he soon turned his efforts to prose, writing short stories and literary criticism for some newspapers of the time. Poe married his cousin Virginia Clemm, who was thirteen years old at that time. In January 1845, he published his most famous poem: “The Raven”. His wife died of tuberculosis two years later. The great dream of the writer, which was editing his own newspaper (The Stylus), was never fulfilled.
He died on October 7, 1849, in the city of Baltimore. The exact cause of his death was never clarified. It was attributed to alcohol, brain congestion, cholera, drugs, heart failure, rabies, suicide, tuberculosis and other causes.