The Empire State Building is a famous skyscraper located in Midtown Manhattan, New York City. This 103-story building, completed in early 1931, lies in the intersection of Fifth Avenue and West 34th Street. It is 380 m tall up to the roof, and a total of 443 m high including its antenna spire.
Its name was inspired by New York’s own nickname, the Empire State. For about 40 years it was the world’s tallest building, until the topping out of the original World Trade Center’s North Tower in late 1970. Nowadays, it is the fourth-tallest skyscraper in the United States, after the One World Trade Center, the Willis Tower and Trump International Hotel and Tower, both in Chicago. It is also the 25th-tallest in the world.
Due to its fame around the world, the Empire State Building, Art Deco designed, is considered to be one of American cultural icons. It has also been declared one of the Seven Wonders of the Modern World by the American Society of Civil Engineers. Additionally, it was designated as a National Historic Landmark in 1986. In 2007, it became number one on the List of America’s Favorite Architecture, designed by the American Institute of Architects.
In 2010, the Empire State Building underwent a large renovation in order to become a more energy efficient and eco-friendly structure. Today, it has 73 elevators and it takes less than one minute to get to the 80th floor. There, visitors can find a gift shop and an exhibit detailing the building’s construction. From there, another elevator climbs to the 86th floor, where an outdoor observation deck is located.