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House of Commons
The House of Commons of the United Kingdom or officially: The Honourable House of Commons of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland in Parliament assembled, is the lower house of the British Parliament which, like the House of Lords (the upper house), is headquartered in the Palace of Westminster. The House of Commons is elected democratically. It consists of 646 representatives elected by majority single candidate in the different constituencies in the UK for a maximum period of five years until parliament is dissolved. These representatives are called Members of Parliament.
Since 1902 all Prime Ministers, except Lord Alec Douglas-Home in 1963 and Gordon Brown in 2007, have been representatives of the commons. Besides, all the ministers of the various governments have been chosen from members of the House of Commons.
The House of Commons was established in the fourteenth century and has existed since then. The House of Commons in its beginnings had less power than the House of Lords, but today is the chamber with greater legislative powers in parliament. Since 1911 the legislature of the House of Commons exceeds the power of the House of Lords; since that date were suppressed Lords the power to reject laws keeping only the power to suggest modifications. Besides, the Prime Minister remains in office only while retaining the support of common and UK government is accountable to the House of Commons as its members consider it convenient.
As a curiosity in 1986, the TV channel ITV Granada made a replica of the House of Commons in 1950, in its studios of Manchester. In 2002 the studios were bought by the BBC.
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