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House of Lords
The House of Lords, or its full name: The Right Honourable the Lords Spiritual and Temporal of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland in Parliament assembled, The Very Honorable Lords Spiritual and Temporal UK great Britain and Northern Ireland in Parliament assembled. It is the upper house of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. Parliament also includes the Sovereign, and the lower house, called the House of Commons. Both Houses hold their meetings at the Palace of Westminster.
Contrary to what happens in the House of Commons, members of the House of Lords are not chosen through elections, the right to be part of the House Lords is divided into Lords Spiritual and Lords Temporal. The Lords Spiritual are 26 bishops chosen for their prestige and extensive ecclesiastical career within the Anglican Church. The Lords Temporal make up the rest being mostly members with no hereditary right for life, appointed by the Queen on the advice of the Prime Minister. And this is because, previously, the right to join the House of Lords as Lords Temporal was purely hereditary; but now, after successive reforms, members of this House by inheritance are just a small portion. Since March 2010, the House of Lords has 733 members, 87 more than the House of Commons, with 646.
The House of Lords has the role to monitor government performance through questions, commissions of inquiry and television cameras. But this control is secondary, as it doesn´t have the ability to engage the responsibility of government. Besides, the House of Lords takes a legislative role, the Lords has the faculty of discuss the bills, and they do it in a way that is freer, deeper, more flexible and more rigorous than the House of Commons. The Lords also review the bills that are sent from the House of Commons because of its technical complexity and little political weight, so that they are analyzed deeply.
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