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John Ono Lennon, born John Winston Lennon was born in Liverpool, England on October 9, 1940. He was a British multi-instrumentalist musician and composer first famous as one of the founding members of the Beatles; a British rock band active during the 1960s, and recognized as the most commercially successful and critically acclaimed band in the history of popular music. Along with Paul McCartney, he formed one of the most successful composer duos of the twentieth century.
As mentioned he was born and raised in Liverpool, where as a teenager he became familiar with the skiffle craze, forming the band The Quarrymen, which later became The Beatles 1960. When the group began to disintegrate until its dissolution at the end of that decade, Lennon launched a solo career, marked by several critically acclaimed albums, including John Lennon / Plastic Ono Band and Imagine, and iconic songs such as “Give Peace a Chance “and “Imagine”.
He showed a rebellious nature and sharp intelligence in music, film, literature and drawing, as well as speaking at press conferences and interviews. In addition, the controversy was present during great part of his life because of his constant peace activism, along with his wife Yoko Ono. In 1971 he moved to New York, where his opposition to the Vietnam War led to numerous attempts by the Nixon administration to deport him; while his songs were adopted as anthems by the anti-war movement. After his self-imposed retirement from the music business in 1975 to devote time to his family, he returned in 1980 with Lennon Double Fantasy. Lennon was murdered three weeks after the launch.
In the US, sales of Lennon solo have approached fourteen million units and either as a performer, author or co-author, is responsible for twenty seven number one singles on the Billboard Hot 100. In 2002, he was placed in eighth in a BBC poll of the “100 Greatest Britons”, while in 2008 was described by Rolling Stone as the fifth greatest singer of all time. He was inducted into the Songwriters Hall of Fame in 1987 and the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 1994.