Liverpool is an English city located in Merseyside, on the eastern side of the Mersey Estuary within the historic county of Lancashire. It was a borough from 1207 and was declared a city in 1880. By 2011, its population had raised of 466,415. Its status as a major port was the main cause for its urbanisation and expansion.
Liverpool’s status as a port city has also contributed to its diverse population, drawn from a wide range of peoples, cultures, and religions. Nowadays, the city is home to the oldest Black African community in the country and the oldest Chinese community in Europe.
One of the most important economic activities in Liverpool is tourism. In recent years, it has been in the spotlight for its mention as the European Capital of Culture title, which it shared with Stavanger, Norway, in 2008. It has also been labelled the “World Capital City of Pop” by Guinness World Records, since it was home of The Beatles.
Many areas of Liverpool city centre were declared UNESCO World Heritage Sites in 2004. Some of the most visited spots in the city are the Pier Head, Albert Dock, and William Brown Street. Liverpool is also a well known sports centre, as it is the home of two Premier League football clubs, Liverpool and Everton. Matches between the two are known as the Merseyside derby.
Natives of Liverpool are usually referred to as Liverpudlians. This name derives from a long-standing jocular alteration of ‘Liverpool’ to ‘Liverpuddle’. People who live in this city are also called “Scousers”, a more colloquial alias that refers to “scouse”, a form of stew. The word “Scouse” is also synonymous with the Liverpool accent and dialect.