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Martin Luther King, Jr.
Martin Luther King, Jr. was born in Atlanta, on January 15, 1929 and he was an American Baptist church pastor who developed a crucial role in leading the African Americans civil rights movement in the US. He also participated as an activist in numerous protests against the Vietnam War and poverty in general.
Martin Luther King, was a civil rights activist from a young age, he organized and carried out various peaceful activities demanding the right to vote, non-discrimination and other basic civil rights for black people in the United States. Among his most memorable actions it should be mention the Montgomery Bus Boycott in 1955; support for the founding of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLS) in 1957 and leadership of the March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom, in August 1963, the end of which pronounced his famous “I have a dream speech, by which it was extend nationwide public awareness of the civil rights movement and by which king was heralded as one of the greatest speakers in the American history.
King was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1964 due to his effort to end the American segregation and racial discrimination through nonviolent means activity. Four years later, at a time when its work was especially oriented opposition to war and to the fight against poverty, he was assassinated in Memphis, while he was planning to lead a Protest. King is remembered as one of the greatest leaders and heroes of American history, and modern history of nonviolence. He was posthumously awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom by Jimmy Carter in 1977 and Congressional Gold Medal of the United States in 2004. Since 1986, the Martin Luther King, Jr. Day is a holiday in the United States.