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Ramones was a punk band formed in Forest Hills, in the district of Queens, New York, USA, in 1974, and disbanded twenty-two years later, in 1996. Pioneers and leaders of the emerging punk, they concreted the foundation of this genre with simple, minimalist, repetitive compositions and very simple and even pointless lyrics, in clear opposition to the pomp and splendor of the bands that were successful in the market in the 1970s, bands that played long guitar solos, complex progressive rock songs and sang enigmatic lyrics, Ramones sound is characterized by being fast and direct, with influences of 1950s rockabilly, surf rock, The Beatles, The Who, The Velvet Underground, The Stooges among others.
Ramones led the first wave of punk in New York, sharing the stage at the legendary CBGB club with other punk bands like Blondie, Johnny Thunders and the Heartbreakers, Richard Hell & The Voidoids among others, and proto-punk as Patti Smith, Television, Talking Heads. Ramones was an inspiration for most punk bands emerged in the 70s both USA and UK. Being one of the most important bands in rock history, its influence is felt in almost every later punk rock formation.
Throughout their career, the Ramones released 14 studio albums and several compilations and live albums, making a total of 21 albums and a total of 212 songs. Despite their current fame, the group only got two gold records thanks to the compilation Ramonesmania in 1988 and their debut album, and only two of their albums managed to exceed the top 50 on the American Billboard. None of their singles got Commercial impact. The band disbanded in 1996. Three of the four original members (Joey Ramone, Johnny Ramone and Dee Dee Ramone) died within three years since the demise of the band. In 2002 the group was inducted into the Rock & Roll Hall of Fame. In 2011 they received a Grammy in recognition of its career. The last surviving original member of the band was Tommy Ramone, who died on the morning of July 12, 2014, he was a victim of cancer of the bile ducts.